CTIS - Level 2
Church History: The Reformation
This course will study the period from the height of papal power in the early 13th century up to the end of the Reformation era, both Protestant and Catholic. It will deal with the Mendicant Movement, the New Mysticism, the decline of Church life, the Great Schism, including the Conciliar Theory and the causes of the Reformation. Emphasis will be given to Martin Luther, especially to his theology and how this led to the break with Rome. Calvinism and the Reformation in England will also be studied. Students will also explore the Catholic Revival, with special emphasis on the Council of Trent and its aftermath. Finally, the course will deal with the missionary effort to the new world opening up for the Church in the Americas, Africa and the Orient. These missionary efforts will be critiqued from the point of view of Colonialism, missionary methods, human rights and spiritual growth. The course will end with an overview of the scientific developments of the 17th century and the new challenges facing the Church of that era.